J.M.P.P. R.I.P. B5: RLOAI
- Mar 2, 2009
- MBTI Type
Lady Windermere: Don't spoil it by saying extravagant silly things to me. You think I am a Puritan, I suppose? Well, I have something of the Puritan in me. I was brought up like that. I am glad of it. My mother died when I was a mere child. I lived always with Lady Julia, my father's elder sister, you know. She was stern to me, but she taught me what the world is forgetting, the difference between what is right and what is wrong. SHE allowed for no compromise, _I_ allow for none...[Leaning back on the sofa] You look on me as being behind the age. -- Well, I am! I should be sorry to be on the same level as an age like this.
Lady Windermere's Fan, A Play About a Good Woman. (1892) -- Oscar Wilde.
Bold indicates agreement.
1. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), 100%.
- We can make a priori judgments; the negation of such judgments would a logical absurdity because a priori knowledge is known without sensory data.
- We combine a priori and a posteriori knowledge.
- We have freedom.
- God is not essential for his moral argumentation.
- The objective facts about human knowledge leads to morality.
- We must act out of a sense of duty in order to be moral.
[*]Moral action does not come out of following inclinations.
[*]Moral standards must be followed without qualification.
[*]We must always act so that the means of our actions could be a universal law.
[*]We must always treat people as ends not means.
3. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274), 96%.
- All life has a purpose
- Meeting this purpose allows one to be happy.
- Happiness is to be found in the love of God.
- God's grace providing entrance into heaven creates the highest form of human happiness.
- Short of heaven, a person can achieve a more limited form of happiness through a life of virtue and friendship.
- Morality is not determined by the arbitrary will of God.
- Morality is derived from human nature and the activities that are objectively suited to it.
- The difference between right and wrong can be appreciated through the use of reason and reflection.
- Religious reflection may supplement the use of reason and reflection to determine right from wrong.
- Societies must enact laws to ensure the correct application of moral reasoning.
- Human nature is good because God made it good.
3. John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), 82%.
- The utilitarian principle is correct when the quality of pleasures is accounted for
- Liberty is the most important pleasure
4. Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832), 77%
- Nature has placed humans under two states: pain and pleasure.
- The words right and wrong are significant only when related to the utilitarian principle.
- Pleasures are not distinguished by quality; pleasure has quantifiable value.
5. PlatÅn (427 B.C.E.-347 B.C.E.), 74%.
- There is reason to act justly even if one can get away with acting unjustly.
- There is a single, general, pure idea of goodness that all good things possess.
- There is only one model of the just person.
- Justice is a harmony of the soul: intellect, emotion, and desire.
- The best activity is intellectual stimulation and the most important quality is a strong intellect.
- The just person is pleased, not in a state of discord.
- The conflict between one's own good and the good of the community is NOT irresolvable.
Here are my answers to the questions. Judge for yourself if they seem consistent with the results: