1. Introverted Intuition (Caveat: I might confuse the two, so bear with me here).
Introverted intuition is the ability to bring about change inside or outside through an inner focus on how things could be.
For example, I keep telling people, "If you see yourself as a winner, you will be a winner; if you see yourself as a loser, you will be a loser." Your inner vision on who you are manifests in the outer world. Often it is important to 'change the tape' concerning the positive or negative messages we repeat to ourselves.
I believe in a power beyond ourselves or composed of our totality as people (collective consciousness). I guess it's not Ni in itself, but I feel this manifesting all the time around me.
I feel things. Weird things. Like I went to a restaurant my husband and I frequent, and I felt cold, like death. I knew nothing before. My husband felt the same. Later, it turned out that the proprietress was undergoing extreme depression, but we only found out about that much later. Or I'll think of a person after not hearing from them in five years, and something will be up.
When my husband's father's gravestone came back (they only have graves for 30 years in Germany) there were a lot of...weird....feelings I had associated with that. I don't want to get into it right now.
I get perceptions on how things will turn out. Signs are there, you just need to be open for them. If I ask a question to the great unknown, usually the answer arrives in the form of a sign if I'm just open to interpret it (I know that sounds schizoid, but I really don't mean it that way).
For example, I was sitting in the movie theater, wondering if I should cancel one of my five jobs (ugh!) and right when the ad was finishing, it said, "KNOW YOUR LIMITS!" I sat there, awestruck. Of course, it was for alcohol (the ad) but it was like an ANSWER, you know??? This happens to me ALL THE TIME.
I think you also have to use this concept when you take something really complex and break it down so that others can understand it, but I'm not sure. That might be Te.
I'm a big fan of meditation and even these little cards (DON'T LAUGH DAMN IT) that I use in order to sort of sort out how I feel. It helps. But I don't use them as much anymore. (Not tarot cards or something like that, but just like cards with emotions, and you pick one out, and you have to dwell on whatever meaning that might have for you. It helps me sort out my feelings.)
As a child, I did this more. Especially when I was more religious. I listened to audio tapes on contemplation and going inside the mind. It helped that my aunt was studying psychology. I went to a couple of her graduate classes when I was 10. Anyway, I really believe in the power of transforming yourself if you only want it badly enough and concentrate and focus properly.
It's easy for me to see the likely outcome of events. Like Peguy, it was clear to me that when we invaded Iraq, for example, that it would be like our generation's Vietnam. That was when I felt alienated by the Republican party and left. Just this year, a fellow colleague was awestruck when I said, "You can forget the health care reform. It will have a lot of trouble passing the Congress, even with the majority democrats in both houses, and it will get a lot of contempt from the American people. Either it won't pass, or it will pass in such a weakened state that it either won't help, or it will do more harm than good." I was the only one who thought so. There was no evidence. I just had a feeling. And I was right. The guy came back to me and said, "How did you know?" "I just knew." "You should be a political analyst." HA! Like they would listen, but oh well...