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  1. #1
    Senior Member esidebill's Avatar
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    Default Word problems for fun!

    I have a huge amount of word problems I figured that I might as well post to see how people reason them out! Ahem. Without further delay, the first of however many you guys feel like posting! Cheating is highly discouraged. I'm sure some may be documented on the web.

    ***************************************

    Before the printing press, books could be purchased
    only in expensive manuscript copies. The printing
    press produced books that were significantly less
    expensive than the manuscript editions. The public’s
    demand for printed books in the first years after the
    invention of the printing press was many times greater
    than demand had been for manuscript copies. This
    increase demonstrates that there was a dramatic jump
    in the number of people who learned how to read in
    the years after publishers first started producing books
    on the printing press.

    Which one of the following statements, if true, casts
    doubt on the argument?

    (A) During the first years after the invention of the
    printing press, letter writing by people who
    wrote without the assistance of scribes or clerks
    exhibited a dramatic increase.

    (B) Books produced on the printing press are often
    found with written comments in the margins in
    the handwriting of the people who owned the
    books.

    (C) In the first years after the printing press was
    invented, printed books were purchased primarily
    by people who had always bought and read
    expensive manuscripts but could afford a
    greater number of printed books for the same
    money.
    (D) Books that were printed on the printing press in
    the first years after its invention often circulated
    among friends in informal reading clubs or
    libraries.

    (E) The first printed books published after the
    invention of the printing press would have been
    useless to illiterate people, since the books had
    virtually no illustrations.
    "Others should not judge what you truly are, instead you should find yourself. You may find yourself in a bowl of cereal or dreaming of the unknown, but make sure it is you who finds you." - Myself


    ENTP
    Extroverted (E) 56.76% Introverted (I) 43.24%
    Intuitive (N) 64.29% Sensing (S) 35.71%
    Thinking (T) 62.5% Feeling (F) 37.5%
    Perceiving (P) 75% Judging (J) 25%

    9w8 SP/SX
    Neutral

  2. #2
    Analytical Dreamer Coriolis's Avatar
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    Default

    C. The marked increase in book purchases could be due to any of a number of reasons. It is likely that more people did learn to read once books became cheaper and more readily available, but I would expect some lag between the initial increase in availability, and the increase in literacy. Thus the second is more likely an effect of the first rather than a cause.

    Now for another, really more of a riddle:

    The beginning of eternity,
    The end of time and space;
    The beginning of every end,
    The end of every place.

    What is it?
    I've been called a criminal, a terrorist, and a threat to the known universe. But everything you were told is a lie. The truth is, they've taken our freedom, our home, and our future. The time has come for all humanity to take a stand...

  3. #3
    Senior Member esidebill's Avatar
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    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by Coriolis View Post
    C. The marked increase in book purchases could be due to any of a number of reasons. It is likely that more people did learn to read once books became cheaper and more readily available, but I would expect some lag between the initial increase in availability, and the increase in literacy. Thus the second is more likely an effect of the first rather than a cause.

    Now for another, really more of a riddle:

    The beginning of eternity,
    The end of time and space;
    The beginning of every end,
    The end of every place.

    What is it?
    This was a sneaky one! Hah. I was trying to think of like an actual thing... but then I figured well... the beginning of eternity or the beginning of an end. Then I noticed the letter e was at the beginning LITERALLY and at the end... bahah. Some people would go mad looking into that with some type of scientific answer.
    "Others should not judge what you truly are, instead you should find yourself. You may find yourself in a bowl of cereal or dreaming of the unknown, but make sure it is you who finds you." - Myself


    ENTP
    Extroverted (E) 56.76% Introverted (I) 43.24%
    Intuitive (N) 64.29% Sensing (S) 35.71%
    Thinking (T) 62.5% Feeling (F) 37.5%
    Perceiving (P) 75% Judging (J) 25%

    9w8 SP/SX
    Neutral

  4. #4
    Senior Member esidebill's Avatar
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    Default

    Here's another.

    If you climb mountains, you will not live to a ripe old
    age. But you will be bored unless you climb mountains.
    Therefore, if you live to a ripe old age, you will have
    been bored.
    Which one of the following most closely parallels the
    reasoning in the argument above?

    (A) If you do not try to swim, you will not learn how
    to swim. But you will not be safe in boats if you
    do not learn how to swim. Therefore, you must
    try to swim.

    (B) If you do not play golf, you will not enjoy the
    weekend. But you will be tired next week unless
    you relax during the weekend. Therefore, to
    enjoy the weekend, you will have to relax by
    playing golf.

    (C) If you work for your candidate, you will not improve
    your guitar playing. But you will neglect
    your civic duty unless you work for your candidate.
    Therefore, if you improve your guitar
    playing, you will have neglected your civic duty.

    (D) If you do not train, you will not be a good
    athlete. But you will become exhausted easily
    unless you train. Therefore, if you train, you will
    not have become exhausted easily.

    (E) If you spend all of your money, you will not
    become wealthy. But you will become hungry
    unless you spend all of your money. Therefore,
    if you become wealthy, you will not become
    hungry.
    "Others should not judge what you truly are, instead you should find yourself. You may find yourself in a bowl of cereal or dreaming of the unknown, but make sure it is you who finds you." - Myself


    ENTP
    Extroverted (E) 56.76% Introverted (I) 43.24%
    Intuitive (N) 64.29% Sensing (S) 35.71%
    Thinking (T) 62.5% Feeling (F) 37.5%
    Perceiving (P) 75% Judging (J) 25%

    9w8 SP/SX
    Neutral

  5. #5
    Senior Member Xyk's Avatar
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    Default

    That one's C also. Pretty clearly.

  6. #6
    Senior Member esidebill's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Xyk View Post
    That one's C also. Pretty clearly.
    Very good :P

    I might have a few questions based on this one... so heads up.

    ***************************************

    An official is assigning five runners—Larry, Ned,
    Olivia, Patricia, and Sonja—to parallel lanes numbered
    consecutively 1 through 5. The official will also assign
    each runner to represent a different charity—F, G, H, J,
    and K—not necessarily in order of the runner’s names
    as given. The following ordering restrictions apply:
    The runner representing K is assigned to lane 4.
    Patricia is assigned to the only lane between the
    lanes of the runners representing F and G.
    There are exactly two lanes between Olivia’s lane
    and the lane of the runner representing G.
    Sonja is assigned to a higher-numbered lane than
    the lane to which Ned is assigned.

    Which one of the following is a possible assignment
    of runners to lanes by the charity they
    represent?

    ___1 2 3 4 5
    (A) F G H K J
    (B) G H J K F
    (C) G K F J H
    (D) H J G K F
    (E) J H F K G
    "Others should not judge what you truly are, instead you should find yourself. You may find yourself in a bowl of cereal or dreaming of the unknown, but make sure it is you who finds you." - Myself


    ENTP
    Extroverted (E) 56.76% Introverted (I) 43.24%
    Intuitive (N) 64.29% Sensing (S) 35.71%
    Thinking (T) 62.5% Feeling (F) 37.5%
    Perceiving (P) 75% Judging (J) 25%

    9w8 SP/SX
    Neutral

  7. #7
    Superwoman Red Herring's Avatar
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    The answer to the runners' puzzle is the same as to Coriolis' puzzle! I first thought way too complicated, but it is far easier than it looks.

    Come on guys, I have work to do and need a reason to procrastinate...bring on a real challenge! So far those were all too easily solvable. Please keep me away from that boring translation I have to get done by totommrow!!!
    The good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge. Neither love without knowledge, nor knowledge without love can produce a good life. - Bertrand Russell
    A herring's blog
    Johari / Nohari

  8. #8
    Superwoman Red Herring's Avatar
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    Okay, I shouldn't just complain. Here is a funny problem:

    There are three switches downstairs. Each corresponds to one of the three light bulbs in the attic. You can turn the switches on and off and leave them in any position.
    How would you identify which switch corresponds to which light bulb, if you are only allowed one trip upstairs?
    The good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge. Neither love without knowledge, nor knowledge without love can produce a good life. - Bertrand Russell
    A herring's blog
    Johari / Nohari

  9. #9
    hypersane Hive's Avatar
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    You leave on switch on, one off and the third you turn on and then off. Then you go upstairs, and touch both lamps that are off to see wich is warm?

  10. #10
    Superwoman Red Herring's Avatar
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    The good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge. Neither love without knowledge, nor knowledge without love can produce a good life. - Bertrand Russell
    A herring's blog
    Johari / Nohari

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