However consider Japan. This is a country that is doing extremely well economically in spite of having relatively few resources compared to it's population size. Japan prospers because they have a capitalist economy. They import, manufacture, then export. (And really nowadays they just build factories in other countries.) They don't need native resources (other than human resources) because they can make money buying other people's resources. The key is how the economy works rather than just having a lot of native resources.