Basically, each of the 16 personality types exhibit each of the following 4 characteristics in one way or another:
Each of the 16 types exhibit these 4 functions in a different order of preference and/or in a different manner (extroverted or introverted).
ENFJ's, for instance, tend to exhibit the 4 functions listed above in the following order:
1. Extroverted Feeling (Fe): this shows up in your desire to organize events and get people together for a common purpose or goal and to make sure everyone is happy or satisfied in your external environment. This primary function is what you are most naturally drawn to, what you usually spend most of your time doing. Basically, it is what you do best.
2. Introverted Intution (Ni): Ni is difficult to put into words, but it's your vision. You can see possibilities and scenarios before they develop; you can see the bigger picture of what is going on and it can be sort of like an internal compass for you.
3. Extroverted Sensing (Se): Se is experiencing the external world with the 5 senses. Wanting to touch, feel, taste, etc, as a means to enjoy, experience, and understand things.
4. Introverted Thinking (Ti): This is the inferior function of ENFJ's, but for an INTP like myself, it is our primary function. Ti is basically thinking very deeply about things, pondering, studying, analyzing in order to understand better.
These are very "rough" descriptions, but hopefully that gives you a start on understanding some of the lingo being thrown around on these forums. Being able to determine what someone's primary function is (what they do most naturally and most of the time) goes a long way in being able to recognize what types people are.
Wow, thanks for that explanation INTPness!
I realize this thread is dead but I've just come across it and those cognitive functions finally make sense to me! Thanks a lot!
We could learn a lot from crayons. Some are sharp, some are pretty and some are dull; some have weird names and all are different colours, but they all have to live in the same box.