According to The Wisdom of the Enneagram by Riso and Hudson, 4's often felt "abandoned and misunderstood by their parents", and many 7's felt an unconscious "disconnection from the nurturing figure(often, but not always, the biological mother)."
According to The Enneagram: Understanding Yourself and the Others in Your Life by Helen Palmer, 4's "remember abandonment in childhood", and 7's tend to have faced "a frightening early life."
In regard to the topic of this thread-----
Although Enneagram does not correlate with MBTI per se, I suspect that most ENFPs are either 4's or 7's.
This might seem to indicate a connection between the absent/distant father and ENFPs, but if you look at the other Enneagram types, you will see some possible correlations there, as well.
From The Enneagram: Understanding Yourself and the Others in Your Life by Helen Palmer:
1's "remember being painfully criticized", 3's "remember coming home from school and being asked about how well they had done, rather than how they felt about their day, " etc. etc...........It seems like all 9 types experienced some form of neglect in childhood, and of course, a lot of these things probably overlap, making the issue of absent/distant fathers not particulary type related, in my opinion.
However----the way a particular person reacts to such life experiences is probably a mix of "nature" and "nurture"---which suggests a correlation to type.
That's probably a whole other thread topic, though.