One big type is an analogy of degree, as in...

skyscrapers : tall (X is very Y)
cheetah : slow (X is rarely Y)
appetizer : meal (X is a small Y)
mansion : house (X is a large Y)

Another is location (X is kept in a Y)...

food : pantry
car : garage
money : wallet

Another is characteristic attribute (X is defined by Y)...

priest : reverence
misanthrope : sadness
weightlifter : strength