Computer conscience is an evolutionary process.
First the program is an algorithm, then the algorithm is programmed to capture data, the data is then added to the algorithm and the algorithm becomes larger. Eventually the data that is captured is large enough ad willing to work with the original algorrithm to create a pattern, the pattern eventually turns into a habit and when a problem should occur a solution is found and new patterns are formed and new habits are formed.
That's what the conscience sort of is, many habits emanating from one source. Of course to speed up the evolutionary process human intervention will be a necessity.