Bill Watterson is usually typed as INFP, and Calvin as ENFP, and those both sound right to me. but I don't have guesses I'm confident in for Hobbes or Calvin's parents, and I don't think any of the other characters are sufficiently developed to merit an attempt at typing. Maybe Susie Derkins.
What type would be most likely to deliberately piss off his wife and just wantonly screw with his kid like that? This is not an isolated incident.