This is a question which I first read in Peter Singer's book about Marx in the Past Masters series, in Marx there is discussion of two significant factors in the development of the class struggle which he felt underpinned everything else, the means and the mode of production.

The means of production is literally the means to produce anything, ie the hand mill or the weaving loom or the automated car production line, and the mode of production, which is related to the means of production, are the relationship of the producers to the means, which can include ownership but that's not wholly the point as I understand it but also norms of empoyment, ie slavery or wage labour.

I'm not 100% sure if it was Singer or another author Bernard Crick who wrote that its possible to intrepret Marx as suggesting that different forms of production, different means, have such a bearing upon the mode that the hand mill is equated with slavery, the factory system with wage labour. I'm sure that's a bit simplistic and I'm generally with Weber that Marx requires some real qualifications, cultural norms and mores a very important too and not simply the byproduct Marx thought they were.

Although there is an idea in popular culture and particularly in science and sci fi genre fiction about a progressive relationship between technological innovations and prosperity or politics, I've been reading Arthur C. Clarke's Profiles of The Future, which is brilliant BTW, and he writes about how he hopes that technological advances will make the stuff of contemporary politics obsolete or irrelevent, akin to the middle age debates about how many angels could stand on the head of a pin.

Orwell suggested in the Lion and The Unicorn that technological advances, including public goods like street lighting, were progressive because their enjoyment were not restricted to a few, that the rising tide raised all boats big and small, but Orwell also hated the radio, canned goods and a lot of other "modern conveniences" in a biographical note before he retreated to a small holding with chickens and other animals towards the end of his life. A lot of what is in 1984 is an anticipation of technology Orwell hated being used to purposes he hated too, among them the betrayal of socialism.

My question is whether or not you believe this is the case, would technological advances spell the eventual end of political differences or class struggles? Or does this appear hopelessly progressivist or optimistic?