Oh, and for fun facts, here's a list of massacres of Indigenous Australians:
•1790 In December, Governor Arthur Phillip issued an order for "a party...of two captains, two subalterns and forty privates, with a proper number of non-commissioned officers from the garrison...to bring in six of those natives who reside near the head of Botany Bay; or, if that number shall be found impracticable, to put that number to death".
• The Black War refers to a period of intermittent conflict between the British colonists, whalers and sealers including those of the American sealing fleet and Aborigines in Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) in the early years of the 19th century. The conflict has been described as a genocide resulting in the elimination of the full-blood Tasmanian Aboriginal population
•1824 Bathurst massacre: Following the killing of seven Europeans by Aboriginal people around Bathurst, New South Wales, martial law was declared and many Aboriginal people were killed.
•1828, 10 February - Cape Grim massacre, Cape Grim, Tasmania. Four shepherds ambushed and killed 30 Pennemukeer aboriginals.
•1830 Fremantle, Western Australia,: The first official 'punishment raid' on Aboriginal people in Western Australia, led by Captain Irwin took place in May 1830.
•1833-34 Convincing Ground massacre of Gunditjmara: On the shore near Portland, Victoria was one of the largest recorded massacres in Victoria. Whalers and the local Kilcarer Gunditjmara people disputed rights to a beached whale carcass.
•1834: Battle of Pinjarra, Western Australia: Official records state 14 Aboriginal people killed, but other accounts put the figure much higher, at 25 or more.
•1838 26 January Waterloo Creek massacre, also known as the Slaughterhouse Creek or Australia Day massacre. Official reports spoke of between 12 and 80 killed.The missionary Lancelot Threkeld set the number at 120. Major James Nunn later boasted they had killed from two to three hundred natives, a figure endorsed by historian Roger Milliss. Other estimates range from 40 to 70, but judge that most of the Kamilaroi were wiped out.
•1838 11 April, by the Broken River at Benalla.
•1838 Myall Creek massacre - 10 June: 28 people killed at Myall Creek near Inverell, New South Wales.
•Mid-1838. Gwydir River.
•1838 In July 1838 men from the Bowman, Ebden and Yaldwyn stations in search of stolen sheep shot and killed 14 Aboriginals at a campsite near the confluence of the Murrumbidgee and Murray Rivers in New South Wales.
•May–June 1839 Campaspe Plains massacre, Campaspe Creek, Central Victoria, killing Daung Wurrung and Dja Dja Wurrung people.
•Mid 1839 Murdering Gully massacre near Camperdown, Victoria wiping out the Tarnbeere Gundidj clan of the Djargurd Wurrung people.
•1830s—1840s Wiradjuri Wars: Clashes between European settlers and Wiradjuri were very violent, particularly around the Murrumbidgee.
•1840-50 - the Gippsland massacres in which 250-1000 Indigenous Australians were indiscriminately killed.
•1840 8 March. The Whyte brothers massacred, according to various estimates, from 20-30 to 25-51to 50 Jardwadjali men, women, and children on the Konongwootong run near Hamilton. Aboriginal tradition puts the death toll as high as 80.
•1841 27 August. The Rufus River massacre, various estimates - between 16-50.
•1842 Settlers poisoned 50 aborigines to death in the Brisbane valley in 1842
*On the outskirts of Kilcoy Station owned by MacKenzie, 30-60 people of the Kabi Kabi died from eating flour laced with strychnine or arsenic.
•1843 Warrigal Creek massacre, amounting to 100-150 aborigines.
•1846 George Smythe's surveying party shot in cold blood from 7 to 9 Aborigines, all but one women and children, at Cape Otway.
•1849 By 1849 clashes between Aboriginal people and settlers occurred on the Balonne and Condamine Rivers of Queensland.
•1849 Massacre of Muruwari people at Hospital Creek in retribution for a suspected killing of a white stockman.
•1849 Massacre of Aboriginal people at Butchers Tree near Brewarrina, along the Barwon River, and on the Narran River.
•1849 Avenue Range Station Massacre (Mount Gambier region of South Australia)
•1857 Massacre of the Yeeman. On 26 October 1857, members of the Yeeman tribe attacked the Fraser's Hornet Bank Station in the Dawson River Basin in Queensland (the Hornet Bank massacre) killing 11 people in retaliation for the deaths of 12 members shot for spearing some cattle and the deaths of another a group of Yeeman nine months earlier who had been given strychnine laced Christmas puddings.
Following the deaths of his parents and siblings, William Fraser, who had been away on business, began a campaign of extermination that eventually saw the extinction of the Yeeman tribe and language group. Fraser is credited with killing more than 100 members of the tribe with many more killed by sympathetic squatters and policemen. Many of the killings were carried out in public such as the killing of two Yeeman charged with the Fraser murders whom Fraser shot in the courthouse as they were leaving following verdicts of not guilty, the alleged killing of two Aboriginals in the main street of Rockhampton and the killing of a strapper at a Toowoomba race meeting. By March 1858 up to 300 Yeeman had been killed. Public and police sympathy for Fraser was so high that he was never arrested for any of the killings and gained a reputation as a folk hero throughout Queensland.
•1861 Central Highlands of Queensland. Between October and November 1861, police and settlers killed an estimated 170 Aboriginals in what was then known as the Medway Ranges following the killing of the Wills family.
•1865 The La Grange expedition was a search expedition carried out in the vicinity of La Grange Bay in the Kimberley region of Western Australia led by Maitland Brown that led to the death of up to 20 Aboriginal people. The expedition has been celebrated with the Explorers' Monument in Fremantle, Western Australia.
•1868 Flying Foam Massacre, Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. Estimates of the number of dead range from 20 to 150.
•1874 Barrow Creek Massacre - February (NT): Mounted Constable Samuel Gason arrived at Barrow Creek and a police station was opened. Eight days later a group of Kaytetye men attacked the station, either in retaliation for treatment of Kaytetye women, the closing off of their only water source, or both. Two white men were killed and one wounded. Samuel Gason mounted a large police hunt against the Kaytetye resulting in the killing of many Aboriginal men, women and children - some say up to 90. Skull Creek, where the massacre took place, 50 miles south of Barrow Creek, takes its name from the bleached bones found there long after.
•1876 Goulbolba Hill Massacre, Central Queensland: large massacre involving men, women and children. This was the result of settlers pushing Aboriginal people out of their hunting grounds and the Aboriginals being forced to hunt livestock for food. According to eyewitness testimony taken down from a local white in 1899, that day some 300 Aboriginals, including all the women and children, were shot dead or killed by being herded into the nearby lake for drowning.
•1880s-90s Arnhem Land: Series of skirmishes and "wars" between Yolngu and whites. Several massacres at Florida Station.
•1884 Battle Mountain: 200 Kalkadoon people killed near Mount Isa, Queensland after a Chinese shepherd had been murdered.
•1887 Halls Creek Western Australia. Mary Durack suggests there was a conspiracy of silence about the massacres of Djara, Konejandi and Walmadjari peoples about attacks on Aborigines by white gold-miners, Aboriginal reprisals and consequent massacres at this time. John Durack was speared, which led to a local massacre in the Kimberley.
•1890 Speewah Massacre, Qld: Early settler, John Atherton, took revenge on the Djabugay by sending in native troopers to avenge the killing of a bullock. Other unconfirmed reports of similar atrocities occurred locally
•1890-1920 Kimberley region - The Killing Times - East Kimberleys: About half of the Kimberley Aboriginal people massacred as a result of a number of reprisals for cattle spearing, and payback killings of European settlers.
•Kimberley region - The Killing Times - 1890-1920: The massacres listed below have been depicted in modern Australian Aboriginal art from the Warmun/Turkey Creek community who were members of the tribes affected. Oral history of the massacres were passed down and artists such as the late Rover Thomas have depicted the massacres.
•1906-7 Canning Stock Route: an unrecorded number of Aboriginal men and women were raped and massacred when Mardu people were captured and tortured to serve as 'guides' and reveal the sources of water in the area after being 'run down' by men on horseback, restrained by heavy chains 24 hours a day, and tied to trees at night.
•1915 Mistake Creek Massacre:
•1918 Bentinck Island:
The strong, local indigenous oral history surrounding the massacres around the Kimberley region have been depicted in paintings by Warmun artists such as the late Rover Thomas and his wife, Queenie McKenzie. Rover Thomas' paintings of the Bedford Downs (1985) and Mistake Creek (1990) massacres are part of his series on the "Killing Times", while Queenie McKenzie depicted another massacre at the Texas Downs Station (1996). Thomas' painting of a massacre at Ruby Plains Station (1985) sold for A$316,000 at a Sotheby's auction in November 2007. A list of indigenous artists who have depicted Kimberley massacres can be found on the Warmun website.
• 1924 Bedford Downs massacre
• 1926 Forrest River massacre in the East Kimberleys:
• 1928 Coniston massacre: A WW1 veteran shot 32 Aborigines at Coniston in the Northern Territory after a white dingo trapper and station owner were attacked by Aborigines. A court of inquiry said the European action was ‘justified'.