Primary Energy Supply
The primary energy supply of Austria is dominated by oil, natural gas and renewable sources (mainly hydro). Total
primary supply showed an increase of 31% over the period 1990-2004. Supply of oil and renewable sources
experienced a similar rate of increase (31% and 34% respectively), while the rate of increase of natural gas supply was
much higher (52%) over that period. The share of renewable sources (21%) is far above the EU-27 average of 6%.
Austria’s domestic production is dominated by renewable sources, with a 71% share in total production. The main
source is hydro which dominates electricity production. Biomass also makes a significant contribution to energy supply.
Austria also produces small quantities of natural gas and oil. Production of solid fuels experienced a 91% reduction
over the period 1990-2004, while the corresponding increase of natural gas production was 52%. Total energy
production in Austria has increased slightly over the last 10 years.