2.) a.) I didn't want to assume that, either....
b.) The strict taboos against blasphemy and apostasy make attempts at
necessary theological reform very difficult and extremely dangerous
for would-be reformers.
3.) I'm afraid I'm going to have to insist that traditionalist Muslims adopt "liberal" interpretations of Islam; the auspices must come through the Muslim community, but external pressures in that direction (particularly within Western countries themselves) are needed as an impetus, just as my own "in-group" (white Southerners) needed such pressures to facilitate a change in racial attitudes. I also will not allow charges of "Islamophobia" or "Orientalism" to intimidate me from insisting that Muslims follow the same minimum standards of behavior that I apply to Christians and atheists. If you are simply unconvinced that contemporary Muslim beliefs are a major problem, that's fine, but I take serious issue with that last statement I quoted.