If we're really talking about VALUES, then we should be talking about principles, right? You seem to be talking about tendencies that are inconstant.
The left/right split wasn't founded with specific principles. It originally referred to the seating arrangements of parliament in France. The monarchists, clergy, and aristocrats who sat on the right had certain values and positions, and the people seated on the left were the reformists who opposed traditional hierarchies.
Now the left/right movements are very different, but some of the basic tendencies of the original left/right can be seen. Like tradition vs. reform.