We were told in the committee that homosexuality disrupts the development of cohesion. Gen. Calvin Waller commented:
These men and women want to be associated with individuals who they can trust under combat conditions; individuals they consider as a family, where teamwork has been forged and tested under the most adverse conditions, and that is simulated combat or, combat. Most surveys indicate that this type of cohesion and teamwork cannot be attained with avowed homosexuals in their midst.
It was General Schwarzkopf who commented--and General Schwarzkopf, I might note, was commander of personnel during the eighties before he advanced to his assignment as commander of our forces in the Persian Gulf, and so he had some very direct experience with personnel policies--and commenting on that he said:
In every case--
Not most cases--
in every case where homosexuality became known in the unit, it resulted in a breakdown in morale, cohesion, effectiveness--
With resulting dissent, resentment, and even violence.
I specifically asked Dr. Marlowe what sexual attraction, either between the soldiers in a small unit or soldiers and their leader, would do to unit cohesion. He replied:
It destroys it *** because of the implications which can never be kept out, of favoritism, of differential behavior and differential reward.
We then turned to the question of sexual tension within the unit and why or why not that might cause unit breakdown. We discovered that sexual tension is a particularly powerful force under cohesion. Witnesses testified this is the reason why we separate men and women in the military, but some also argue there is no practical way to avoid sexual tension if we allow homosexuals in the military.