Do they exist, and if so what are they?
I have always been uncomfortable with the idea that people are entitled to anything, both on a personal and ideological level. But there are a few things which I think help a society be stable and prosperous. So here are my musings on the subject:
1. Equality under the law between men, women and children who are members of the nation; also related to this,
2. People should have the right to a fair trial (I prefer the civil to the common law legal system, however).
3. A right to privacy and freedom from unwarranted government interference/spying.
4. Freedom to own property and defend it from others, and related to this,
5. A right to own firearms.
6. The right to work in reasonable conditions, where you choose to do so domestically.
7. National identity, sovereignty, self determination are inviolable and must be respected.
Things that I do not consider to be rights:
Voting - this should be a privilege granted to those who demonstrate sufficient understanding
Universal education, a set standard of living, welfare, etc...all inventions of the nanny state
Marriage rights, for obvious reasons
Asylum - this should be decided on a case by case basis.