Tell me everything you know about Buddhism, then I tell you everything I know about Schopenhauer's philosophy; in the end, we compare. Or we just read away our respective ignorances by ourselves.
I simply assumed you know about Buddhism and Jainism.
His analysis of will led him to the conclusion that emotional, physical, and sexual desires can never be fully satisfied. The corollary of this is an ultimately painful human condition. Consequently, he considered that a lifestyle of negating desires.....
I do not know how he arrived a the conclusion but the conclusions do seem to be the same. The answers to one's sufferings (painful human conditions) also have their similarities.
Heidegger for Being and Time, Sartre for Being and Nothingness as well as Nausea, and Nietzsche for practically everything he ever wrote. Ayn Rand is worth an honorable mention for being very interesting and charismatic to me, not to mention authoring what is possibly my favorite book (The Fountainhead); I do find her to be philosophically flawed, though, to put it rather mildly. I also really enjoyed what I read of Kierkegaard, but would need to read more of him before I could form a clear opinion on his works as a whole. Oh, and of course, Merleau-Ponty for his Phenomenology of Perception--a truly phenomenal book.
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