Tip: the question only makes sense for those that believe in the concept of soul.
Do animals have souls?
Can they go to hell or heaven?
Is it fair?
A man builds. A parasite asks 'Where is my share?'
A man creates. A parasite says, 'What will the neighbors think?'
A man invents. A parasite says, 'Watch out, or you might tread on the toes of God... '
Yes, absolutely animals have souls. I'm not religious and I don't believe in Hell, but I tell ya what, if Heaven exists and my dog's not going there, then I don't want to go there, either.
Animals are innocents and unlikely to be inclined towards malice without bad training or trauma or something. Perhaps this is the case with humans too if you take a strictly deterministic and developmentalist approach but the capacity for cognition and reflection being so different in humans, adding up to the different nature, means that humans have greater choice and capacity for change, when they refuse to and knowingly do wrong they are or will be living in hell, as they live their live so shall they exist in the afterlife, if God has an afterlife planned for them.
I'm prepared to believe that God could decide that any of the things imagined in the world religions or simply nothing is the destiny of anyone, its impossible to know and trying to know or discover for certain seems like a kind of a bad way to spend this life. We only get one and it should be spent in joyful rather than morose ways.
And in that dogs and animals can teach each and everyone of us a lot.
I don't believe in heaven or hell. I'm not sure whether or not there's such a thing as a soul. If there is, I don't see why animals can't have souls like humans do. It would just manifest differently because its a different species with a different type of 'intelligence.'
5w6 or 9w1 sp/so/sx, I think
I believe most mammals have emotions and are self aware. I believe soul is that emergent function seperate from it's parts that creates reality and yes I do believe animals have this (also "inanimate" entities)