Cultural relativism- the ability to view the beliefs and customs of other peoples within the context of their culture rather than one's own.
None of these ideas existed before the Enlightenment.Human beings innately have rights.
i.e. children have certain rights, women have certain rights, elderly people have certain rights, regardless of their circumstantially allotted "cultural" background.
It is morally wrong to intentionally hurt another person and infringe on their individual rights.
The Nazis believed they were fighting for their survival. At that time it was believed the "Jewish race" controlled everything and the best and brightest were leaving to live in America. To protect the genetic purity of the German people, they felt they had to go to war and eradicate threats to the bloodline.The nazi's were wrong.
Slavery was practiced for centuries within countless lands. Not until the Enlightenment did people develop ideas that it might be wrong.slavery is wrong.
Rape was an expected part of marriage in many ancient countries.rape is wrong.
If I go to war and kill the enemy then I am a hero. If I am at home and I kill one of my enemies then I am a murderer.murder is wrong.