The Compliant scale score is the sum of individual items: 1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 28, 31, 34, 37, 40, 43, 46, 49, 52, 55.
The Aggressive scale score is the sum of individual items: 2, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17, 20, 23, 26, 29, 32, 35, 38, 41, 44, 47, 50, 53, 56.
The Detached scale score is the sum of individual items: 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33, 36*, 39, 42, 45, 48, 51, 54, 57.
*Item 36 is scored in the reverse (4=1, 3=2, 2=3, 1=4)
1.1. Moving toward people
Known as the Compliant type, these individuals accept their own helplessness and try to gain reassurance and protection against the basic anxiety by attempting to win the affection of others and sometimes attaching themselves to a person or group that they perceive as powerful. Horney thought that Compliant types might thus gain a feeling of support and belonging which mini- mizes their feelings of weakness and isolation. According to Horney, Compliant types appease others at any interpersonal cost including self-subordination and the dropping of any claims to individuality. They also evaluate themselves by what others think and become overly dependent on other people for love and safety.
1.2. Moving against people
Known as the Aggressive type, these people accept the hypocrisy and underlying hostility in their environment, and they fight, either consciously or unconsciously, to protect themselves and to seek revenge. They automatically distrust other people's feelings and intentions, and they rebel in whatever way they can.
1.3. Moving away from people
Known as the Detached type, these people do not have feelings of belonging or the desire to fight. They not only distance themselves from others, but they are also estranged from themselves. They become numb to their own emotional experiences and feelings, and they are uncer- tain as to their own identity needs and desires. They consciously and unconsciously avoid emotional involvement with others and have a strong need for self-sufficiency.
Correlations with personality disorders:
Compliant - histrionic, dependent, and obsessive-compulsive
Aggressive - antisocial, borderline, narcissistic, paranoid, and passive-aggressive
Detached - antisocial, avoidant, paranoid, passive-aggressive, schizoid, and schizotypal