I'm inclined to think that, when it comes to someone's attitude toward their emotions, a typical T and a typical F tend to differ in at least a couple of noteworthy ways. First, I think an F is more likely than a T to feel that experiencing emotions — especially relationship-linked emotions — is a huge part (maybe the greatest part) of what life is all about. As one common example: all other things being equal, I think an F is more likely than a T to feel like not having kids will mean missing out on an aspect of life that nobody should miss — and there have been quite a few INTJforum threads over the past five years asking, "Do you want kids?" where I think you can see quite a lot of that T/F distinction at work. And there are certainly reasons people have kids that aren't "emotion"-related (at least not directly) — and having something like a core drive to serve others (also associated with an F preference) comes to mind — but I also think that an F is substantially more likely than a T to feel that a life that lacks all the emotional richness of a parent's love for their children is a life with an essential hole in it.
And it's not that I think a typical T father isn't likely to love his children to distraction, but I also think "distraction" may be an especially apt word for the T. I think a T father is more likely than an F father to feel like his love for his children, and all the time/energy he puts into his children — emotionally rewarding though it may be — involves a substantial loss in terms of taking him away from other activities that feel, in some ways, "higher" or more meaningful to him, or that he identifies with more. I think a typical F father is more likely to not only love his children, but feel like experiencing that love, and putting time/energy into his children, is one of the most personally rewarding things (if not the most rewarding thing) he could be doing, and to identify more strongly with his "father" role.
Looking back on any given week, I think an F is more likely than a T to feel that the times when they were engaged in the most meaningful activity — the most "life well lived" moments — were the times when feelings of love or other strong positive emotions were actively stirred up. A T (and maybe especially an NT) is more likely to feel that, while experiencing feelings of love or other positive emotions can be rewarding and very nice in its own way, the most meaningful times in their life happen when their emotions are settled down and they're engaged in less emotional pursuits — e.g., a scientist or scholar/academic who's "passionately" (but not "emotionally") engaged with their work.
Somewhat consistent with the foregoing, the T/F items on the official MBTI include "Is it a higher compliment to be called a person of real feeling or a consistently reasonable person?" and "Are you inclined to value sentiment more than logic or value logic more than sentiment?" and "Which word appeals to you more: objective or passionate?"
And a second (although not unrelated) way in which I think a typical T and a typical F tend to differ in terms of their attitude toward emotions is that, with respect to emotions that have what you might call a conceptual component (as many do), I think an F is more likely to identify with the emotions and/or take them seriously. An F with any degree of maturity will understand that it's possible for emotions to be goofy and/or otherwise steer a person wrong but, depending on how strong their F preference is, they may find themselves fighting a strong temperamental tug that says that strong feelings (especially) that they experience must mean something. Think of a woman whose boyfriend treats her abusively. She knows what he's doing isn't right. At least a part of her is likely to realize he's not likely to change (or change enough, or soon enough). But if she's a strong F, and her feelings for him are strong, there's a significant chance she'll end up rationalizing staying in the relationship well past the point where most of her friends have lost patience with her — because, if they weren't meant to be together, dammit, she wouldn't have those strong feelings.
And it's not that T's aren't capable of doing foolish, emotionally-driven things, but I think a T is more naturally alienated from his emotions. I'd say I tend to feel somewhat like my emotions are something outside of me, that happen to me — like a rainstorm I got caught in — rather than being a core part of who I am, whereas I think an F, as I said, has a greater tendency to identify with their emotions. And that makes a T more naturally skeptical of their emotions, with the result that, all other things being equal, squelching a strong but goofy passion is likely to be somewhat less of an uphill battle.
Just like N's are said to be inclined to trust their intuition as a truth-guide while at the same time understanding it isn't always right (while S's are said to be more inclined to distrust intuition), I think F's tend to have at least some significant inclination to trust their emotions as, at least to some extent, a truth-guide while at the same time understanding they aren't always right — while T's are more inclined to distrust and/or dismiss their emotions. It's not uncommon, in American culture anyway, for people to speak in terms of experiencing strong and/or consistent emotions that they haven't really come to grips with yet, and feel like they need to spend time "processing" those emotions — attending to them and introspecting about what they're about — and I'd say that a person with a strong tendency to view their emotions in those terms is significantly more likely to be an F than a T. (As a caveat, though, NFs tend to have a significantly stronger psychological and self-explorational bent than SFs, so that's a complication with respect to this particular F characteristic.)
Somewhat consistent with the foregoing, the T/F items on the official MBTI include "Do you more often let your heart rule your head or your head rule your heart?" And probably needless to say, this second aspect of how I see typical T's and F's differing in their attitude to their emotions is the one that Jung was arguably the most focused on in characterizing an F preference in terms of a tendency to use some kind of "feeling" function — which he viewed as "rational" in its way but also tied into (as he put it) "emotional factors" — for purposes of making judgments and decisions.