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  1. #1
    Vaguely Precise Seymour's Avatar
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    Default Enneagram Type and Maladaptive Schemas

    Recently I ran across a correlation between maladaptive schemas (as defined by schema therapy) and enneagram types. I ran into maladaptive schemas when following a string of book references (from Brene Brown's Gifts of Imperfection to Kristin Neff's Self Compassion [which I hope to post more about later], to Jeffrey Young's Reinventing Your Life).

    Maladaptive schemas (also called "life traps") are fundamental concepts and emotional patterns learned early in life. Much like enneagram types, these tend to result in repetitive maladaptive behaviors.

    The study of maladaptive schemas and enneagram styles gives the following correlations (see preceding link for descriptions of maladaptive schemas):

    Abandonment: 2, 4, downside 6
    Mistrust and Abuse: downside 1, 2, 4
    Emotional Deprivation: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 (negative correlation 9)
    Social Exclusion: 4, 5, 6 (negative correlation 3 and 7)
    Dependence: 2, 4, (anti-) 5, 6, 9 (negative correlation 3 and 8)
    Vulnerability: 2, 4, 6
    Defectiveness: 1, 4, 6 (negative correlation 7 and 9)
    Failure: 6 (negative correlation 3 and 8)
    Subjugation: 2, 6, 9 (negative correlation 8)
    Unrealistic Standards: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 (negative correlation 9)
    Entitlement: 2, 3, 4, 7 (negative correlation 5 and 9)

    Personally, I'd say I fit with 5 correlations for Social Exclusion, Emotional Deprivation, anti-Dependence, and negative Entitlement.

    For 4 correlations I fit with Defectiveness (a biggie for me) and Unrealistic Standards (with an overlap with 5 of Social Exclusion, Emotional Deprivation). For 4 I do not fit with Mistrust and Abuse, Vulnerability (the schema definition), or Entitlement.

    How about other folks? How does your enneagram type match with these correlations of maladaptive schemas?

    Addendum: Here's an expanded list of maladaptive schemas.

  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by Poimandres View Post
    The reminds me of A New Instinctual Variants Theory I developed!

    It also kind of reminds me of a few definitions I refined eariler last week:

    Emotions

    Sattva:
    1. Eager – Enthusiastic desire to initiate some sort of activity with minimum standby time.
    2. Bored – Disinterest or displeasure with the present context and current course of events.
    3. Anxious – Intense anticipation of coming events along with any pros or cons they carry.
    4. Bashful – Timid or afraid to confront and engage oneself within situational dynamics.
    5. Rushed – Frenzied haste to approach and run through situations with maximum speed.
    6. Silly – Lacking objective sense or purpose in relation to what others perceive as proper.
    7. Excited – Joyful desire to immerse oneself within something and experience its fullness.
    8. Condescending – Narcissistic attitude about the greatness of oneself in relation to others.
    Rajas:
    1. Angry – Impulse to start confrontations in retaliation against things opposing our wishes.
    2. Annoyed – Disrupting and upsetting the balance in the harmony or wellness of our being.
    3. Cautious – Vigilance of potentially immanent dangers and adapting our actions in accord.
    4. Scared – Fearful to face things perceived as threats or capable of inflicting pain upon us.
    5. Confused – Unaware of the context or not understanding what steps of action to take.
    6. Elated – Pleased with how things are proceeding and the promises they hold in store.
    7. Shocked – Surprise from failing to foresee unexpected events in the unfolding future.
    8. Worried – Afraid things could become worse without being able to withstand the flux.
    Tamas:
    1. Sad – Sorrowful of something and disappointed with how it developed outside our hopes.
    2. Lazy – Unwilling to generate maximum productions and desiring minimum activity.
    3. Calm – Free from all burdens or pressures in the chaos of life and at peace with things.
    4. Lonely – Sadness felt by being disconnected from people we desire to see or contact.
    5. Relieved – Liberated from a fear of potential losses or not getting desired productions.
    6. Shy – Uncomfortable with being around people or easily frightened by new challenges.
    7. Terrified – Afflicted with such extreme fear that one is rendered immobile or goes insane.
    8. Relaxed – Devoid of tension or without worries and able to naturally express the true self.
    Developing a New Personality System

  3. #3
    Senior Member Sanjuro's Avatar
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    They have a test you can take here:

    http://www.lifetraptest.com/

    It's short and prone to odd results (self-sacrifice, WTF??), but I've found mine to more-or-less accurately reflect what you'd expect of someone of my type, wing, and tritype.


  4. #4
    mod love baby... Lady_X's Avatar
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    i'm sorry what do you mean when you say negative correlation? meaning when disintegrated?

    until i understand that...it looks like 7's only lifetrap is entitlement.

    which i read about in your link and actually...unfortunately it is pretty accurate. i would not have said that normally though...but yeah...we do feel like one should have the best that they can imagine.

    interesting...i'll absorb that awhile.
    There can’t be any large-scale revolution until there’s a personal revolution, on an individual level. It’s got to happen inside first.
    -Jim Morrison

  5. #5
    mod love baby... Lady_X's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Sanjuro View Post
    They have a test you can take here:

    http://www.lifetraptest.com/

    It's short and prone to odd results (self-sacrifice, WTF??), but I've found mine to more-or-less accurately reflect what you'd expect of someone of my type, wing, and tritype.

    awesome thanks!

    There can’t be any large-scale revolution until there’s a personal revolution, on an individual level. It’s got to happen inside first.
    -Jim Morrison

  6. #6
    Away with the fairies Southern Kross's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Seymour View Post
    Abandonment: 2, 4, downside 6
    Mistrust and Abuse: downside 1, 2, 4
    Emotional Deprivation: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 (negative correlation 9)
    Social Exclusion: 4, 5, 6 (negative correlation 3 and 7)
    Dependence: 2, 4, (anti-) 5, 6, 9 (negative correlation 3 and 8)
    Vulnerability: 2, 4, 6
    Defectiveness: 1, 4, 6 (negative correlation 7 and 9)
    Failure: 6 (negative correlation 3 and 8)
    Subjugation: 2, 6, 9 (negative correlation 8)
    Unrealistic Standards: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 (negative correlation 9)
    Entitlement: 2, 3, 4, 7 (negative correlation 5 and 9)
    Jesus.

    Clearly, it really sucks to be a 2, a 4, or a 6.

    INFP 4w5 so/sp

    I've dreamt in my life dreams that have stayed with me ever after, and changed my ideas;
    they've gone through and through me, like wine through water, and altered the colour of my mind.

    - Emily Bronte

  7. #7
    Stansmith
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    Test results

    Punitiveness very strong
    Defectiveness very strong
    Emotional inhibation very strong
    Pessimism very strong
    Sosial isolation very strong
    Failure strong
    Approval seeking strong
    Unrelenting standards strong
    Abandonment strong
    Insufficient self-control strong
    Subjugation strong
    Dependence medium
    Self-sacrifice medium
    Abuse medium
    Emotional deprivation medium
    Entitlement medium
    Vulnerablity weak
    Enmeshment no lifetrap

  8. #8
    Member tanstaafl28's Avatar
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    I never seem to get accurate answers to these kinds of tests. I guess I'm not honest enough with myself.

  9. #9
    Vaguely Precise Seymour's Avatar
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    Some guesses about additions from expanded list. But first, a recap:

    Original list (from study)

    Abandonment: 2, 4, downside 6
    Mistrust and Abuse: downside 1, 2, 4
    Emotional Deprivation: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 (negative correlation 9)
    Social Exclusion: 4, 5, 6 (negative correlation 3 and 7)
    Dependence: 2, 4, 5 (incompetence), 6, 9 (negative correlation 3 and 8)
    Vulnerability: 2, 4, 6
    Defectiveness: 1, 4, 6 (negative correlation 7 and 9)
    Failure: 6 (negative correlation 3 and 8)
    Subjugation: 2, 6, 9 (negative correlation 8)
    Unrealistic Standards: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 (negative correlation 9)
    Entitlement: 2, 3, 4, 7 (negative correlation 5 and 9)

    Note that a negative correlation means that the schema/life-trap is rarer than chance. So, for example, 5s and 9s rarely suffer for the Entitlement schema.


    Differences with the expanded list:

    Modified from original list
    Abandonment: added "/ Instability"
    Defectiveness: added "/ Shame"
    Social Exclusion: renamed "Social Isolation / Alientation"
    Dependence: added "/ Incompetence", which fits better with 5s)
    Vulnerability: added "to harm or illness"
    Failure: added "to acheive"
    Entitlement: added "/ Grandiosity"
    Unrealistic Standards: renamed "Unrelenting Standards / Hypercriticalness "

    New (with guesses for possible enneagram associations)
    Enmeshment / Undeveloped Self: 2*, 4 and 9
    Insufficient Self Control: 7*, 8*, 4 (lack of self regulation) and 9 (lack of positive action)?
    Self-sacrifice: Associated with 2*, 9. 4?
    Approval Seaking / Recognition Seeking: 3*, 4 (unique image)?
    Negativity / Pessimism: 6*, 4 and 5.
    Emotional Inhibition: 5*, 1*
    Punitiveness: 1*, 8*

    *=strong fit


    It's interesting how the expanded list seems to round out some aspects of enneagram types even though schema therapy is not based on the enneagram. Still, it seems clear both are trying to get at some of the same concepts. Interesting to see a different and slightly finer-grained take on maladaptive defenses.

  10. #10
    my floof is luxury Wind Up Rex's Avatar
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    Really interesting thread, @Seymour. Very apropos of this one .

    I wonder, though, what this really adds to the core enneagram theory. The correlations between these schema and the associated enneagram fixations seem kind of obvious. Is this a way to examine a system of complexes that can spring up around a fixation? Is it like a deconstruction of the core fixation itself? Or perhaps some combination of both or neither?
    And so long as you haven’t experienced this: to die and so to grow,
    you are only a troubled guest on the dark earth

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